60ca1d6a5068947ac5d5ceca9fcfa608eec5370b
[dwm.git] / dwm.1
1 .TH DWM 1 dwm\-VERSION
2 .SH NAME
3 dwm \- dynamic window manager
4 .SH SYNOPSIS
5 .B dwm
6 .RB [ \-v ]
7 .SH DESCRIPTION
8 dwm is a dynamic window manager for X. It manages windows in tiled, monocle
9 and floating layouts. Either layout can be applied dynamically, optimising the
10 environment for the application in use and the task performed.
11 .P
12 In tiled layouts windows are managed in a master and stacking area. The master
13 area contains the window which currently needs most attention, whereas the
14 stacking area contains all other windows. In monocle layout all windows are
15 maximised to the screen size. In floating layout windows can be resized and
16 moved freely. Dialog windows are always managed floating, regardless of the
17 layout applied.
18 .P
19 Windows are grouped by tags. Each window can be tagged with one or multiple
20 tags. Selecting certain tags displays all windows with these tags.
21 .P
22 Each screen contains a small status bar which displays all available tags, the
23 layout, the title of the focused window, and the text read from the root window
24 name property, if the screen is focused. A floating window is indicated with an
25 empty square and a maximised floating window is indicated with a filled square
26 before the windows title. The selected tags are indicated with a different
27 color. The tags of the focused window are indicated with a filled square in the
28 top left corner. The tags which are applied to one or more windows are
29 indicated with an empty square in the top left corner.
30 .P
31 dwm draws a small border around windows to indicate the focus state.
32 .SH OPTIONS
33 .TP
34 .B \-v
35 prints version information to standard output, then exits.
36 .SH USAGE
37 .SS Status bar
38 .TP
39 .B X root window name
40 is read and displayed in the status text area. It can be set with the
41 .BR xsetroot (1)
42 command.
43 .TP
44 .B Button1
45 click on a tag label to display all windows with that tag, click on the layout
46 label toggles between tiled and floating layout.
47 .TP
48 .B Button3
49 click on a tag label adds/removes all windows with that tag to/from the view.
50 .TP
51 .B Mod1\-Button1
52 click on a tag label applies that tag to the focused window.
53 .TP
54 .B Mod1\-Button3
55 click on a tag label adds/removes that tag to/from the focused window.
56 .SS Keyboard commands
57 .TP
58 .B Mod1\-Shift\-Return
59 Start
60 .BR st(1).
61 .TP
62 .B Mod1\-p
63 Spawn
64 .BR dmenu(1)
65 for launching other programs.
66 .TP
67 .B Mod1\-,
68 Focus previous screen, if any.
69 .TP
70 .B Mod1\-.
71 Focus next screen, if any.
72 .TP
73 .B Mod1\-Shift\-,
74 Send focused window to previous screen, if any.
75 .TP
76 .B Mod1\-Shift\-.
77 Send focused window to next screen, if any.
78 .TP
79 .B Mod1\-b
80 Toggles bar on and off.
81 .TP
82 .B Mod1\-t
83 Sets tiled layout.
84 .TP
85 .B Mod1\-f
86 Sets floating layout.
87 .TP
88 .B Mod1\-m
89 Sets monocle layout.
90 .TP
91 .B Mod1\-space
92 Toggles between current and previous layout.
93 .TP
94 .B Mod1\-j
95 Focus next window.
96 .TP
97 .B Mod1\-k
98 Focus previous window.
99 .TP
100 .B Mod1\-i
101 Increase clients in master area.
102 .TP
103 .B Mod1\-d
104 Decrease clients in master area.
105 .TP
106 .B Mod1\-l
107 Increase master area size.
108 .TP
109 .B Mod1\-h
110 Decrease master area size.
111 .TP
112 .B Mod1\-Return
113 Zooms/cycles focused window to/from master area (tiled layouts only).
114 .TP
115 .B Mod1\-Shift\-c
116 Close focused window.
117 .TP
118 .B Mod1\-Shift\-space
119 Toggle focused window between tiled and floating state.
120 .TP
121 .B Mod1\-Tab
122 Toggles to the previously selected tags.
123 .TP
124 .B Mod1\-Shift\-[1..n]
125 Apply nth tag to focused window.
126 .TP
127 .B Mod1\-Shift\-0
128 Apply all tags to focused window.
129 .TP
130 .B Mod1\-Control\-Shift\-[1..n]
131 Add/remove nth tag to/from focused window.
132 .TP
133 .B Mod1\-[1..n]
134 View all windows with nth tag.
135 .TP
136 .B Mod1\-0
137 View all windows with any tag.
138 .TP
139 .B Mod1\-Control\-[1..n]
140 Add/remove all windows with nth tag to/from the view.
141 .TP
142 .B Mod1\-Shift\-q
143 Quit dwm.
144 .SS Mouse commands
145 .TP
146 .B Mod1\-Button1
147 Move focused window while dragging. Tiled windows will be toggled to the floating state.
148 .TP
149 .B Mod1\-Button2
150 Toggles focused window between floating and tiled state.
151 .TP
152 .B Mod1\-Button3
153 Resize focused window while dragging. Tiled windows will be toggled to the floating state.
154 .SH CUSTOMIZATION
155 dwm is customized by creating a custom config.h and (re)compiling the source
156 code. This keeps it fast, secure and simple.
157 .SH SEE ALSO
158 .BR dmenu (1),
159 .BR st (1)
160 .SH BUGS
161 Java applications which use the XToolkit/XAWT backend may draw grey windows
162 only. The XToolkit/XAWT backend breaks ICCCM-compliance in recent JDK 1.5 and early
163 JDK 1.6 versions, because it assumes a reparenting window manager. Possible workarounds
164 are using JDK 1.4 (which doesn't contain the XToolkit/XAWT backend) or setting the
165 environment variable
166 .BR AWT_TOOLKIT=MToolkit
167 (to use the older Motif backend instead) or running
168 .B xprop -root -f _NET_WM_NAME 32a -set _NET_WM_NAME LG3D
169 or
170 .B wmname LG3D
171 (to pretend that a non-reparenting window manager is running that the
172 XToolkit/XAWT backend can recognize) or when using OpenJDK setting the environment variable
173 .BR _JAVA_AWT_WM_NONREPARENTING=1 .
174 .P
175 GTK 2.10.9+ versions contain a broken
176 .BR Save\-As
177 file dialog implementation,
178 which requests to reconfigure its window size in an endless loop. However, its
179 window is still respondable during this state, so you can simply ignore the flicker
180 until a new GTK version appears, which will fix this bug, approximately
181 GTK 2.10.12+ versions.