added new Mod1-b functionality to dwm(1)
[dwm.git] / dwm.1
1 .TH DWM 1 dwm\-VERSION
2 .SH NAME
3 dwm \- dynamic window manager
4 .SH SYNOPSIS
5 .B dwm
6 .RB [ \-v ]
7 .SH DESCRIPTION
8 dwm is a dynamic window manager for X. It manages windows in tiled and
9 floating layouts. Either layout can be applied dynamically, optimizing the
10 environment for the application in use and the task performed.
11 .P
12 In tiled layout windows are managed in a master and stacking area. The master
13 area contains the windows which currently need most attention, whereas the
14 stacking area contains all other windows. In floating layout windows can be
15 resized and moved freely. Dialog windows are always managed floating,
16 regardless of the layout applied.
17 .P
18 Windows are grouped by tags. Each window can be tagged with one or multiple
19 tags. Selecting certain tags displays all windows with these tags.
20 .P
21 dwm contains a small status bar which displays all available tags, the layout,
22 the title of the focused window, and the text read from standard input. A
23 floating window is indicated with an empty square and a maximized
24 floating window is indicated with a filled square before the windows
25 title. The selected tags are indicated with a different color. The tags of
26 the focused window are indicated with a filled square in the top left
27 corner. The tags which are applied to one or more windows are indicated
28 with an empty square in the top left corner.
29 .P
30 dwm draws a small border around windows to indicate the focus state.
31 .SH OPTIONS
32 .TP
33 .B \-v
34 prints version information to standard output, then exits.
35 .SH USAGE
36 .SS Status bar
37 .TP
38 .B Standard input
39 is read and displayed in the status text area.
40 .TP
41 .B Button1
42 click on a tag label to display all windows with that tag, click on the layout
43 label toggles between tiled and floating layout.
44 .TP
45 .B Button3
46 click on a tag label adds/removes all windows with that tag to/from the view.
47 .TP
48 .B Mod1\-Button1
49 click on a tag label applies that tag to the focused window.
50 .TP
51 .B Mod1\-Button3
52 click on a tag label adds/removes that tag to/from the focused window.
53 .SS Keyboard commands
54 .TP
55 .B Mod1\-Shift\-Return
56 Start
57 .BR xterm.
58 .TP
59 .B Mod1\-Return
60 Zooms/cycles current window to/from master area (tiled layout only).
61 .TP
62 .B Mod1\-b
63 Shows/hides the status bar.
64 .TP
65 .B Mod1\-j
66 Focus next window.
67 .TP
68 .B Mod1\-k
69 Focus previous window.
70 .TP
71 .B Mod1\-Shift\-j
72 Increase the number of windows in the master area (tiled layout only).
73 .TP
74 .B Mod1\-Shift\-k
75 Decrease the number of windows in the master area (tiled layout only).
76 .TP
77 .B Mod1\-l
78 Increase master area width (tiled layout only).
79 .TP
80 .B Mod1\-h
81 Decrease master area width (tiled layout only).
82 .TP
83 .B Mod1\-m
84 Toggles maximization of current window (floating layout only).
85 .TP
86 .B Mod1\-Shift\-[1..n]
87 Apply
88 .RB nth
89 tag to current window.
90 .TP
91 .B Mod1\-Shift\-0
92 Apply all tags to current window.
93 .TP
94 .B Mod1\-Control\-Shift\-[1..n]
95 Add/remove
96 .B nth
97 tag to/from current window.
98 .TP
99 .B Mod1\-Shift\-c
100 Close focused window.
101 .TP
102 .B Mod1\-space
103 Toggle between tiled and floating layout (affects all windows).
104 .TP
105 .B Mod1\-Shift\-space
106 Toggle focused window between tiled and floating state (tiled layout only).
107 .TP
108 .B Mod1\-[1..n]
109 View all windows with
110 .BR nth
111 tag.
112 .TP
113 .B Mod1\-0
114 View all windows with any tag.
115 .TP
116 .B Mod1\-Control\-[1..n]
117 Add/remove all windows with
118 .BR nth
119 tag to/from the view.
120 .TP
121 .B Mod1\-Shift\-q
122 Quit dwm.
123 .SS Mouse commands
124 .TP
125 .B Mod1\-Button1
126 Move current window while dragging (floating layout only).
127 .TP
128 .B Mod1\-Button2
129 Zooms/cycles current window to/from master area (tiled layout only).
130 .TP
131 .B Mod1\-Button3
132 Resize current window while dragging (floating layout only).
133 .SH CUSTOMIZATION
134 dwm is customized by creating a custom config.h and (re)compiling the source
135 code. This keeps it fast, secure and simple.
136 .SH SEE ALSO
137 .BR dmenu (1)
138 .SH BUGS
139 The status bar may display
140 .BR "EOF"
141 when dwm has been started by an X session manager like
142 .BR xdm (1),
143 because those close standard output before executing dwm.
144 .P
145 Java applications which use the XToolkit/XAWT backend may draw grey windows
146 only. The XToolkit/XAWT backend breaks ICCCM-compliance in recent JDK 1.5 and early
147 JDK 1.6 versions, because it assumes a reparenting window manager. As a workaround
148 you can use JDK 1.4 (which doesn't contain the XToolkit/XAWT backend) or you
149 can set the following environment variable (to use the older Motif
150 backend instead):
151 .BR AWT_TOOLKIT=MToolkit .
152 .P
153 Recent GTK 2.10.9+ versions contain a broken
154 .BR Save\-As
155 file dialog implementation,
156 which requests to reconfigure its window size in an endless loop. However, its
157 window is still respondable during this state, so you can simply ignore the flicker
158 until a new GTK version appears, which will fix this bug, approximately
159 GTK 2.10.12+ versions.